Inherited Metabolic Disorders
Inherited metabolic disorders are genetic conditions that result in metabolism problems. Most people with inherited metabolic disorders have a defective gene that results in an enzyme deficiency. There are hundreds of different genetic metabolic disorders, and their symptoms, treatments, and prognoses vary widely.
What Is Metabolism?
Metabolism refers to all the chemical reactions taking place in the body to convert or use energy. A few major examples of metabolism include:
- Breaking down the carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in food to release energy.
- Transforming excess nitrogen into waste products excreted in urine.
- Breaking down or converting chemicals into other substances and transporting them inside cells.